What You Need to Know About Coronary Heart Disease
Also known as a Ischemic Heart Disease, the Coronary Heart Disease is considered to be one of the most common cardiovascular conditions. It is a generic term that covers a whole number of heart conditions including stable angina, unstable angina, myocardial infaction, and sudden cardiac arrest. This heart ailment typically comes about as a result of the narrowing of the blood vessels, which in turn is a result of the buildup of plaque along the walls of the said blood vessels. While many people are aware that the hardened plaque can narrow the path where the blood flows, very few are aware that the same can cause the blood vessels to rupture. When this happens, a blood clot occurs along the surface, completely blocking off the blood from reaching the heart. This, then, leads to a massive heart attack.
Who is At Risk?
As with most heart ailments, those who have a high risk for developing Coronary Heart Diseases would include individuals that have high levels of LDL cholesterol as well as high blood pressure. The risk for Coronary Heart Disease increases even more for individuals who are regular smokers as well as those who are overweight or have diabetes. The elderly as well as those who do not lead an active lifestyle and do not watch what they eat are also at risk for developing Coronary Heart Disease.
Of late, researches have also shown that such factors as the presence of a thyroid problem, constant stress, high levels of C-reactive protein, and sleep apnea may also increase the likelihood of Coronary Heart Disease.
Dealing with CHD
Most CHD treatment options focus on lowering the formation of blood clots, relieving the symptoms, and reversing the buildup of plaque. That said, some of the common treatment modalities would include:
- Healthy Diet and Lifestyle Change
Watching what you eat may sound cliche but by making sure that you include such food items as fish high in Omega-3 fatty acids as well as fruits and legumes, you are actually lowering your risk for developing and suffering from a number of coronary heart diseases. While you’re at it, consider also cutting back on the number of sticks you smoke in the day as well as monitoring your Body Mass Index.
- Managing Stress
An emotionally charged event is typically one of the common reasons for a heart attack. That being the case, if you are feeling the pressure of the daily grind of your work or of your life, consider enrolling in a stress management program. It also helps to do some meditation and relaxation activities. Studies have also shown that talking it out with family and friends can help lower the stress that you are feeling.
- Physical Activities
Moderately intense aerobic exercises have been shown to be quite effective when dealing with hypertension and excess weight. If a regular exercise regimen at the gym sounds challenging for you, you can start with small activities like brisk walking. You need to make sure, however, that you talk first to your doctor before engaging in anything.
It is also a good idea to have an AED on hand should the situation become worst. Aside from this, knowing how to administer CPR can also help ensure that CHD does not result to death.